Family History: twice as likely if you have a first degree relative diagnosed with prostate cancer.
Increasing age: generally, 50+
Race: prostate cancer is higher in black males.
High BMI: Advanced prostate cancer.
Early-stage prostate cancer may have no symptoms at all. Some men might notice a change in their waterworks, but this can also be a symptom of prostate enlargement. Men should discuss with their GP about having a Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) and a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test. They may then be referred for an MRI +/- a biopsy.
Grading Prostate Cancer
A pathologist grades the samples from a biopsy between 3-5, he then takes the two most common grades and adds them together; 3+3 being the least risk and 5+5 being the most aggressive.
The main treatments for prostate cancer include surgery; open or laparoscopic/robotic, radiotherapy and hormone therapy. Radiotherapy may be external beam radiotherapy or brachytherapy. Active surveillance is also a management option for early-stage low risk prostate cancers. The most common side effects experienced by men include fatigue, urinary and sexual dysfunction. There is help available to deal with these symptoms such as various forms of exercise. This forms part of our prostate cancer programme, for more information, please contact our nurse at 057-8681492 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.